The human prostatic carcinoma cell line LNCaP and its derivatives. An overview.

van Steenbrugge GJ, Groen M, van Dongen JW, Bolt J, van der Korput H, Trapman J, Hasenson M, Horoszewicz J..
Urological Research. 1989; 
The FGC (fast growing colony) line, a derivative of the LNCaP cell line shares all the main characteristics, including its androgen dependence, described for the original LNCaP cultures. A number of sublines originated from the FGC line which were characterized with respect to their response to steroid-depleted serum and to the synthetic androgen, R1881. After subcloning the FGC line a series of clones was isolated with distinct patterns of androgen-responsiveness. Among the sublines and clones studied, the FGC, FGC-JB and FGC clone-9 were androgen-dependent, whereas subline LNO, R and presumably also FGC clone-22 were androgen-independent. Distinct morphological differences were observed between the cells of the various sublines and between clone-9 and 22. The LNCaP cell line, its descending sublines and clonal derivatives provide a suitable in vitro model for studying different aspects of androgen-responsiveness of human prostate cancer.